Page 26: of Maritime Reporter Magazine (December 2002)
Great Ships of the Year
Type Double Acting Tanker (DAT)
Built Sumitomo Heavy Ind.
Name Carnival Legend
Type Cruise Ship
Owner Carnival Cruise Lines
Builder Kvaerner Masa Yards
MS Carnival Legend, newbuilding no. 501, was delivered to Carnival Corporation at Kvaerner Masa-
Yards' Helsinki shipyard this past August. Legend is the fourth cruise ship in a series of new Panamax-Max size cruise ships under construction for Carnival Cor- poration and operated by Carnival Cruise Lines and
Costa Crociere. The first ship in the series, Costa
Atlantica, was delivered in June 2000, and the sister- ships Carnival Spirit and Carnival Pride in 2001.
Measuring 960 ft. (292.5 m) with a maximum breadth of 127 ft. (38.8 m), a breadth of 106 ft. (32.2 m) and a draft of 25 ft. (7.8 m), Carnival Legend entered service August 21 with a three-day cruise from
Harwich, U.K. to Amsterdam. Touted as one of the most spacious ships in the contemporary cruise sector,
Carnival Legend carries a total of 2,680 passengers (lower beds: 2,124 passengers) in a total of 1,062 state- rooms. The maximum crew capacity is 961.
The vessel holds a diesel-electric power package, consisting of six Wartsila 9L46D diesel engines, with a total power of 62,370 kW, each connected to an alter- nator producing electricity to the ship's main electric network. The propulsion consists of two azimuthing electric Azipod propulsion units, with a power of 17.6
MW each. Carnival Legend has a trio of 1.91 MW tunnel thrusters in the bow. The service speed is 22 knots. Classed by RINA, the vessel sails under Pana- ma flag, and fulfills new Green Star environmental standard, consisting of two voluntary RINA class nota- tions, Clean Sea and Clean Air, setting strict require- ments on the ship's design and operation, in order to protect the environment and keep the sea and air clean.
Kvaerner Masa-Yards is well renowned for its ship and ship's equipment ice breaking technolo- gy. Upon visiting Finland on a recent excursion and enjoying win- ter in November, it's easy to see why. Quite simply, Finland must keep its icy shipping channels open during the winter to ensure its com- mercial survival. In the beginning of the 1990s, the company, in part- nership with the Finnish Maritime
Administration and ABB Industry of Finland, developed a new elec- trical propulsion system for ice- breakers, the trade name of which is Azipod. The first vessels equipped with the new system, the 16,000 dwt tankers M/T Uikku and
M/T Lunni owned by Fortum oper- ated Nemarc Shipping, have now, combined, nearly 100,000 hours of operation experience, and the ves- sels have, for example, several times successfully navigated through the North-East Passage in extremely harsh conditions.
Through real world experience and continuous R&D, the shipyard has shown that vessels with a pod- ded drive are capable of breaking ice with a considerably higher effi- ciency than before, when moving backwards with the propeller first.
This concept — DAT — was developed by Kvaerner Masa-
Yards, and now its first reference is in service. The 105,000 dwt M/T
Tempera, built in Japan for Fortum
Shipping, has arrived to its home waters for the first time, as well as
M/T Mastera that will be complet- ed later, are the first cargo ships of this double-acting type in the world. In open water, they can reach a speed of 17 knots, and thanks to their efficient icebreaking capacity that can be achieved while running with stern first, they are entitled to the highest IA Super Ice
Class with their engine power of 16
MW, while even 25 MW would be required for this, using convention- al technology. These vessels are able to navigate independently in the Baltic Sea area. M/T Tempera was built at the Yokosuka shipyard of Sumitomo Heavy Industries Ltd. in close co-operation with Kvaern- er Masa-Yards under license by the latter company.
Name Midnight Sun
Type Commercial Dry Cargo Vessel
Owner Totem Ocean Trailer Express
National Steel and Shipbuilding
Company (NASSCO) and Totem
Ocean Trailer Express, Inc. (TOTE) christened M.V. Midnight
Sun, the first commercial dry cargo vessel to be built in the U.S. in 10 years. The Midnight Sun is the first of two new Orca-class trailerships being built by NASSCO for
TOTE's service from Tacoma,
Wash., to Anchorage, Alaska.
It and its sister ship, MV North
Star, are 840 x 118-ft. (256 x 35.9- m), RoRo cargo ships offering the option to carry trailers as large as 53 ft. in length. The ships' cargo can be loaded and discharged in nine hours, with the speed and effi- ciency of this process being an important competitive advantage for TOTE. The vessel, which will transport trucks, cars, trailers, trail- er-borne products and equipment, military equipment, and project cargo, will have a hull arrangement consisting of a raised fo'c's'le deck with turtelback; transom stern; bul- bous bow; deckhouse aft; six decks with fixed ramps fore and aft.
Though not to be delivered until early 2003, M. V. Midnight Sun and M. V. North Star have already received several awards for their environmentally sensitive design.
These include the States/British
Columbia Oil Spill Task Force
Legacy Award for 2000, the Alaska
Department of Environmental
Conservation Commissioner's 2000 Pollution Prevention Award, and the Biennial William M.
Benkert Foundation 2002 Environ- mental Excellence Bronze Award.
Length, (o.a.) 839 ft. (255.7 m)
Beam 118 ft. (35.9 m)
Depth 90 ft. (27.4 m)
Draft, (max.) 30 ft. (9.1 m)
Speed (at 90 percent) 24 knots
Trailer capacity 600 FEU
Auto capacity 200 FEU
Cargo deck area 360,000 sq. ft.
Design displacement 45,843 LT
Lightship weight 23,975 LT
Main engines ,4x MAN B&W 9L58/64,2x
MAN B&W 9L 27/38 medium speed diesels @ 400 and 720 rpm, respectively
Classification Society RINA
Length, (o.a.) 960 ft. (292.5 m)
Breadth, max 127 ft. (38.8 m)
Breadth, dwl 106 ft. (32.2 m)
Draft, dwl 25 ft. (7.8 m)
GT 85,900 (including balconies, approx. 88,500)
Passenger capacity, lower bed 2,124
Passenger capacity, max 2,680
Passenger staterooms, total 1,062
This past March, IZAR's Seville yard delivered the largest RoPax ferry ever to sail under Spanish flag to owner Trasmediterranea — the 6,900 dwt RoPax Murillo. As the largest RoPax vessel ever owned by a Spanish company and sailing under Spanish flag, it exceeds the dimensions of any other vessel in Trasmediterranea's fleet, even the recently delivered 564-ft. (172-m) RoPax sisters
Sorolla and Fortuny.
Seville has introduced substan- tial improvements in cargo and accommodation capacities on the
Murillo, a project that followed the successful design carried out on the
Merchant series of four vessels for
Cenargo. Payload cargo has been
Passenger staterooms, outside 849 - with balconies 750
Crew capacity 961
Speed, service 22 knots
Machinery output 62,370 kW
Propulsion 2x 17.6 MW
Azimuthing rudder propellers
Machinery . .Diesel-electric, power station,
Machinery output 62,370 kW
Main engines 6 x W rtsil 9L46D, 6 x 10,395 kW/514 rpm increased, as the accommodation, for instance, has been more than doubled. Murillo has 123 cabins of different sizes compared with the
Cenargo vessels' 57 — an increase in the number of passengers up to 396 in cabins and 150 in seats.
Also, Murillo has 2,396 vehicle lane meters (1,900 lane m. for trucks and 400 lane meters) for cars on four decks where Cenargo vessels performed 2,000 lane m. on two decks. The lower cardeck is located on the tank top with the upper one mounted directly above it. Access is provided by a fixed ramp between the decks, which in turn can be accessed via a fixed ramp from the main deck. Two lift- ing ramps provide access to and from the upper deck.
Murillo is powered by four Wart- sila 9L38 four-stroke engines developing 5,940 kW at 600 rpm
Main generators 6 x 14,405 kVA / 60 Hz/11,000 V, ABB
Propulsion 2x 17.6 MWAzipod@
The bnishless synchronous motor, mounted inside the pod of the Azipod@ propulsion units have double windings. Max. output power of each motor is 17.6 MW, with a speed range of 0-150 RPM.
Propellers Two fixed pitch Azipod @ propellers
Bow thrusters 3x 1.91 MW arranged in pairs in separate engine rooms with separate feed systems, and equips Flender gearboxes.
Lips propellers are used on
Murillo, which incorporates two
Brunvoll bowthrusters. Stabilizing is done via an Intering anti-roll sys- tem. This is enhanced further with the addition of Mitsubishi retractable hydraulic fin stabilizers.
The quick construction time also is remarkable. The advanced delivery has given a 20-month construction time.
Length, (o.a.) 591 ft. (180 m)
Length, (bp) 553 ft. (168.7 m)
Breadth 79.7 ft. (24.3 m)
Depth to main deck 31.5 ft. (9.6 m)
DWT 6,900 tons
Draft, design 21.3 ft. (6.5 m)
Speed, service at 85% MCR .. .22.8 knots
Maximum trial speed . .23.25 knots al 85%
Main engines, output 4 x 5,940 kW
Accommodation ... .123 cabins for passen . gers/51 cabins for crew
Maximum passenger capacity600 persons on board
Vehicle capacities 1,070 lm on deck 5 830 lm on deck 3 180 lm on deck 2 216 lm on deck 1
Stern ramp 56 x 62 ft. (17 x 19m)
RampsFrom deck 3 to deck 2,76 ft. (23.3 m)
From deck 2 to deck 1, 66 ft. (20.2 m)
Lifesaving equipment .. .2 Semi-Enclosed
Lifeboats 2 Rescue Boats 26 Maritime Reporter & Engineering News