Page 49: of Maritime Reporter Magazine (March 2014)

U.S. Coast Guard Annual

Read this page in Pdf, Flash or Html5 edition of March 2014 Maritime Reporter Magazine 49 ist Brie Knox, boarded the AN-2 and zipped across the water. Joshua Vaughan, ULL assistant professor of me- chanical engineering, piloted the vessel from his iPad.

Vaughan, along with mechanical engineering grad students Nicholas Bergeron and Brett Marks, are part of the unmanned system’s development team. They’re working with lasers, cameras, ultra-sound and other sensors that gauge currents and waves to detect obsta- cles like logs in the water and oncoming boats. That information will fl ow to a computer system that steers and accelerates the AN-2, mimicking the activities of a human pilot.

AN-2’s Development Phases

Last month, Vaughan discussed the project’s research, hardware and performance steps or phases from the university’s standpoint. “Phase 1 was the demonstrated ability, conducted on Feb. 18, to issue commands to the boat’s controls – throttle, steering and clutches etc.,” he said. “It was the simple remote control of the boat.”

Phase 2 involves trajectory tracking. “In this stage, the Anaconda should be able to track simple pre-spec- ifi ed trajectories – a combination of lines and arcs – in low wind/current conditions and in the absence of ob- stacles,” Vaughan said. “This phase demonstrates that we’re able to autonomously generate and track the ba- sic building blocks for more complex trajectories.”

The fi rst two phases are early in the project. “Com- plexity increases exponentially after that,” Vaughan said. “Personnel and funding will need to increase as well.” In Phase 3 and beyond, “some primary goals include extending the autonomy developed in Phase 2 to include speeds approaching the limits of the Ana- conda,” Vaughan said. Researchers will work on more complex trajectories than in Phase 2 and will address obstacle avoidance and high winds.

Also in Phase 3, researchers plan to extend the ves- sel’s remote operational distance by improving com- munication with the boat. They intend to refi ne the boat’s unmanned navigation system, using maritime and waterway standards, so that the craft recognizes buoys, signal fl ags and other warnings and reacts to them. Other steps in the AN-2’s development include deriving the boat’s governing equations of motion; implementing sensor processing al- gorithms; and software testing, Vaughan said.

Shah said $100,000 is being spent on AN-2 re- search, with additional costs to be covered by

Swiftships. “Continued funding is up to the Swiftships side,” Vaughan said. “But I feel the results of this project could have a signifi cant impact on maritime operations. We think its potential is a strong argument for support from state and fed- eral funding agencies.”

Ramesh Kolluru, ULL interim vice president for research, said the public-private partnership between Swiftships and the university will pro- duce a number of benefi ts. The AN-2 gives un- dergrads and graduate students hands-on train- ing, and Swiftships and ULL together will train workers on the Anaconda, contributing to labor force development, he said.

Eric Geibel, Swiftships special programs di- rector, said autonomous piloting has broad im- plications for the marine industry and noted that the company’s vessels are always on the fore- front of technology.

The Anaconda can operate in air temperatures above 100 degrees Fahrenheit. With fi ve weap- ons stations and a foam-fi lled structure, the ves- sel can engage in riverine warfare and remain afl oat, even if it’s pierced. The craft has an ad- vanced-design bow ramp for cargo or personnel, collapsible seating, an optional trailer and truck; and can be helicopter lifted.

It’s unknown when the AN-2 will be market-ready but last year Swiftships and ULL had a three-to-fi ve- year framework for its completion.

Anaconda 2 builds off the autonomous success of CajunBot from the University of Louisiana Layfayette.

Anaconda-2 (Continued from page 46)

Cour tesy of the University of Louisiana at Lafayette.

MR #3 (42-49).indd 49 3/4/2014 11:30:42 AM

Maritime Reporter

First published in 1881 Maritime Reporter is the world's largest audited circulation publication serving the global maritime industry.